Our Promising Strategies Series blog entries are intended to offer a brief overview on specific approaches to end homelessness. We will post links to external sites where you can find more in-depth information.
Critical Time Intervention (CTI) is a time-limited case management model that focuses on assisting a person transitioning from a shelter, hospital, prison, or other institution into a permanent living situation. The program is structured in three phases each lasting about three months.
The following table is copied from an online paper describing CTI: (http://www.criticaltime.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/cti-handout4.pdf)
|Phase||Transition||Try-Out||Transfer of Care|
|Timing||Months 1-3||Months 4-7||Months 8-9|
|Purpose||Provide Specialized support & implement transition plan||Facilitate and test client’s problem-solving skill||Terminate CTI services with support network safely in place|
CTI was developed in the early 1990s by Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute to assist transition people with mental illness from institutional settings to community living.
The model works in two ways:
- CTI offers individualized support to ease the transition from an institution to permanent housing; and
- It helps develop and strengthen individual’s long-term relationships with support networks such as family, friends, and community service.
The goal is to prepare people to access support services without the intensive care of a case manager.
For a more thorough overview of CTI, visit the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness’ Solutions Database. (http://www.usich.gov/usich_resources/solutions/explore/critical_time_intervention_cti/)
Additional resources can be found at the following links:
Critical Time Intervention (http://www.criticaltime.org/)
SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (http://www.nrepp.samhsa.gov/ViewIntervention.aspx?id=125)
Critical Time Intervention Training and Evaluation from the Center for Social Innovation (http://www.center4si.com/projects/projects.cfm?project=f0fa1046-ba1d-485d-ab3f-24e018e3e694)